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Friday, 9 December 2011

GENERAL JACOBUS HERCULES DE LA REY.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlHqKJyo3GQ


A HERO FROM OUR PAST...SALUUT GENERAL.


Jacobus Hercules de la Rey was born on 
22 October 1847 in the district of Winburg
 and died at Langlaagte on 15 September 
1914

He was the son of Adrianus de la Rey en his wif
e Adriana Wilhelmina, born Van Rooyen. In 1848
 they moved to the farm Welverdiend in the presen
t district of Wolmaransstad. As a child De la Rey
 received very little formal education but he neve
r saw this as a hindrance as his parents� teachings
 and his natural intelligence gave him a sound
 foundation. Soon after the discovery of diamonds
 the family moved to Kimberley where de la Rey
 became a successful transport-rider before settling
 on a farm in the district of Lichtenburg. In 1876 he
 married Jacoba Elizabeth Greeff. Ten children were
 born from this marriage. The newly-weds moved to
 the farm Manana where De la Rey became so
 successful that he was able to buy the farm
 Elandsfontein near Lichtenburg were he lived
 to his death.
He soon showed signs of military leadership
. As a nineteen-year old he took part in the
 Basuto War of 1865 and also as a field-cornet in the Sekhukune War of 1876. He was
 used by the government as a surveyor of farms and as the Native Commissioner in the
 Western Transvaal. As transport rider, surveyor and Native Commissioner he got to know
 the Western Transvaal intimately which would greatly contribute to his military leadership
 during the Anglo-Boer war. From 1893 he was a member of the Volksraad were his
 calmness and sense of fairness had a great influence on his fellow members.
During the First War of Independence (1880-1881) De la Rey took part in the siege
 of the British Fort in Potchefstroom. In 1885 he was elected as Lichtenburg�s
 commandant.
On the eve of the Anglo-Boer War Cmdt.-Gen. Piet Joubert appointed De la Rey as Gen
. P.A. Cronj��s advisor on the Western Front. It was extremely difficult for De la Rey
 who was against the war in the first place to be responsible for the first skirmish of the wa
r at Kraaipan where he had to derail an armoured train. On 12 October 1899 he captured
 twenty six British soldiers as well as three guns, a number of rifles and ammunition.
Cronj� and De la Rey then had a difference of opinion regarding the siege of Mafeking as
 De la Rey did not agree with the idea of besieging Mafeking. On 19 October 1899 De la Rey
 was appointed as general with the order to besiege Kimberley. De la Rey first clashed with
 Lord Methuen at the battle of Graspan (Rooilaagte) op 25 November l899. During the battl
e of Modder River, that took place three days later, De la Rey was wounded in his shoulder
 while his eldest son Adriaan was killed in action.
To change Cronj��s mind regarding the tactics to be followed at Magersfontein, De la Rey
 invited President M.T. Steyn to visit the western front. The result was that Cronj�
 approved the plan. The burghers were entrenched between 150 and 300 metres before
 the Magersfontein hills. De la Rey however was not present at the battle of
 Magersfontein (10 - 11 December 1899) as he had left a few days before the
 battle for Riverton north of Kimberley, to recover form his shoulder wound.
After the surrender of Cronj� at Paardeberg on 27 February 1900, De la Rey desperately tried
 to stem the British tide at on 10 March 1900 at by Abrahamskraal (Driefontein) but without any
 success. From 28 May 1900 until 29 May 1900 De la Rey and Roberts once more clashed at the
 battle of Doornkop, near Johannesburg.
During a council of war at Balmoral during June 1900, De la Rey was instructed to reclaim
 Western Transvaal from the British. On 11 July 1900, he defeated Col. H. Roberts a
t Silkaatsnek. A number of burghers who had already laid down their weapons joined
 De la Rey�s forces again. De la Rey now concentrated on isolated British units. It was
 important to de la Rey to once more establish the Boers� authority in the area and he
 therefore launched an efficient military re-organization of the area.
On 3 December 1900 he captured 126 wagons loaded with clothing, boots and Christma
s delicacies from the British at Buffelspoort. He and Gen Beyers followed-up this success
 with a victory over the British forces under Gen Clements ten days later at Nooitgedacht
. The official British losses were 638 while seventeen burghers were killed and sixty one
 were wounded.
De la Rey divided the commandos on the western front in smaller units and placed the
 Rustenburg and Krugersdorp commando's under his personal control. In 1901 severa
l British commanders i.e. Methuen, Dixon, Cunningham and Kekewich were sent to
 capture de la Rey, however without any success. It was during this period tha
t De la Rey developed his famous charging tactic which resulted in many losses on
 British side. In stead of dismounting the burghers developed shooting from the
 saddle during a charge into a fine art. The victory at Ysterspruit (25 February 1902
) is proof of the success of this tactic. This resulted in his nickname the �Lion of
 Western Transvaal�. Lord Methuen was wounded and captured during the battle
 of Tweebosch on 7 March 1902. De la Rey released Methuen so that he could
 receive medical attention.
De la Rey found the initial peace conditions unacceptable. On 29 May 1902, however he,
 with a short speech managed to persuade the burghers and General C R de Wet to lay
 down their arms. His reasoned that his commando�s could carry on with the war but tha
t the conditions in the rest of the country were rather bad. He was one of the co-signatorie
s of the peace agreement on 31 May 1902
During the war De la Rey�s wife assisted him in a very special way. During the first phase
 of the war she regularly visited him on the front and from 1 December 1900 she kept in
 close contact with him when she and the children wandered about in the veldt for
 nineteen months.
After the war he accompanied Generals Botha and De wet to Europe where they
 collected funds for the reconstruction of the country. He also travelled to India to
 persuade the diehards amongst the prisoners-of-war to sign the oath of allegiance.
 He became more and more involved in politics. He became a member of the Transvaa
l Parliament, a delegate at the National Convention, a member of the Senate of the
 Union etc. In 1914 De la Rey was in charge of the Government forces during the
 strike in Johannesburg. When the First World War broke out during the same yea
r he did not agree with Gen. Botha�s idea of attacking German South West Africa
 on behalf of Britain. He decided to attend a meeting of rebels in Potchefstroom
. On the same day that Beyers resigned as Commandant-General of the Active
 Citizen Force he and De la Rey traveled by car form Pretoria to Potchefstroom.
 The driver did not stop at a roadblock set up for the Foster gang and he was
 killed by a ricochet on 15 September 1914.